Quick Answer: What Are The 6 Major Factors That Affect Climate?

What are the two most important factors that affect climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation.

The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

Some areas have a much larger range between highest and lowest temperature than other areas..

What controls most of the Earth’s weather?

Weather processes such as wind, clouds, and precipitation are all the result of the atmosphere responding to uneven heating of the Earth by the Sun.

What are 3 factors that influence the heating of Earth’s atmosphere?

The total solar influx, depending on distance from the sun, angle of the planet’s axis and solar activity. Albedo – or reflections of solar rays from the Earth and back into space. Chemical composition of the atmosphere.

What factors affect weather and climate?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance from the ocean and sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

What are the climate controls?

The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features. … The variations in air temperature control the pressure and wind system of a place.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?

These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds. The global climate system and any changes that occur within it also influence local climate.

What are factors affecting climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climatedistance from the sea.ocean currents.direction of prevailing winds.shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)distance from the equator.the El Niño phenomenon.

What are the 4 factors that affect temperature?

Factors Influencing Temperature (With Diagram) | GeographyFactor # 1. Latitude:Factor # 2. Altitude:Factor # 3. Continentality:Factor # 4. Ocean Currents and Winds:Factor # 5. Slope, Shelter and Aspect:Factor # 6. Natural Vegetation and Soil:

What causes extreme weather?

As Earth’s oceans grow warmer, they evaporate more moisture into the atmosphere—about 4 percent more since 1970, according to recent data. … But these two factors, rising temperatures and increased moisture in the atmosphere, make the chances for extreme weather that much greater from here on.

What are the main factors of climate change?

Natural causes of climate change Forces that contribute to climate change include the sun’s intensity, volcanic eruptions, and changes in naturally occurring greenhouse gas concentrations.

What factor has the greatest influence on climate?

On the surface, the greatest factor affecting Earth is sunlight. Sun provides energy for living organisms, and it drives our planet’s weather and climate by creating temperature gradients in the atmosphere and oceans.

What are the six types of weather conditions?

There are six main components, or parts, of weather. They are temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. Together, these components describe the weather at any given time.